Housing And Urban Development Policy In India

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National Urban Housing and Habitat Policy aims at Urban Planning by concerned state bodies to periodically update the Master Plans and Zoning Plans, promoting balanced urban-rural planning and plan Mass Rapid Transport System; Affordable Housing by creating adequate housing stock, by using technology for modernizing the housing sector for enhancing energy and cost efficiency, productivity and quality, both on rental and ownership basis with special emphasis on improving the affordability of the vulnerable and economically weaker sections of society through appropriate capital or interest subsidies; Increase flow of Funds by promoting larger flow of funds and suitable fiscal concessions combined with removing legal, financial and administrative barriers; Spatial Incentives like relaxation of Floor Area Ratio (FAR) for ensuring 20-25 % of the FAR is reserved for EWS / LIG, building height and permitting additional FAR for Outer Zones; Increase Supply of Land by facilitating accessibility by developing/widening the roads for lands and housing; Special Provision for SC/ST/OBC/Minorities/ Disabled by creating the needs of SC/ST/OBC/Minorities/Disabled; Special Provision for Women by involving women at all levels of decision making in the formulation and implementation of housing policies and programmes for special needs of women headed households, single women, working women and women in difficult circumstances in relation to housing serviced by basic amenities; Employment Generation by Upgrading the construction skills and accelerated development of housing and infrastructure sectors for giving an impetus to employment generation; Public-Private Partnerships for accelerated growth in the Housing Sector and sustainable development of habitat, Management Information System in the Housing Sector for strengthening monitoring of building activities in the country, Healthy Environment by encouraging use of renewable energy resources and ensuring effective solid waste management in collaboration with persons involved in recycling activities in developing cities and protecting our cultural heritage and architecture as well as promoting traditional skills with suitable adaptation to modern technologies.